Bit & Bitmap

Notice:
Some of the examples below are referenced from ClickHouse Documentation but have been adapted and modified to work in ByteHouse.

bitTest

Takes any integer and converts it into [binary form].

Syntax

SELECT bitTest(number, index)

Arguments

  • number – Integer number.

  • index – Position of bit.

Returned values

Returns a value of bit at specified position.

Type: UInt8 .

Example

For example, the number 43 in base-2 (binary) numeral system is 101011.

Query:

SELECT bitTest(43, 1);

Result:

┌─bitTest(43, 1)─┐
│ 1              │
└────────────────┘

Another example:

Query:

SELECT bitTest(43, 2);

Result:

┌─bitTest(43, 2)─┐
│ 0              │
└────────────────┘

bitTestAll

Returns result of [logical conjuction] (AND operator) of all bits at given positions. The countdown starts from 0 from the right to the left.

The conjuction for bitwise operations:

0 AND 0 = 0

0 AND 1 = 0

1 AND 0 = 0

1 AND 1 = 1

Syntax

SELECT bitTestAll(number, index1, index2, index3, index4, ...)

Arguments

  • number – Integer number.

  • index1 , index2 , index3 , index4 – Positions of bit. For example, for set of positions ( index1 , index2 , index3 , index4 ) is true if and only if all of its positions are true ( index1index2 , ⋀ index3index4 ).

Returned values

Returns result of logical conjuction.

Type: UInt8 .

Example

For example, the number 43 in base-2 (binary) numeral system is 101011.

Query:

SELECT bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5);

Result:

┌─bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5)─┐
│ 1                          │
└────────────────────────────┘

Another example:

Query:

SELECT bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5, 2);

Result:

┌─bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5, 2)─┐
│ 0                             │
└───────────────────────────────┘

bitTestAny

Returns result of [logical disjunction](OR operator) of all bits at given positions. The countdown starts from 0 from the right to the left.

The disjunction for bitwise operations:

0 OR 0 = 0

0 OR 1 = 1

1 OR 0 = 1

1 OR 1 = 1

Syntax


SELECT bitTestAny(number, index1, index2, index3, index4, ...)

Arguments

  • number – Integer number.

  • index1 , index2 , index3 , index4 – Positions of bit.

Returned values

Returns result of logical disjuction.

Type: UInt8 .

Example

For example, the number 43 in base-2 (binary) numeral system is 101011.

Query:

SELECT bitTestAny(43, 0, 2);

Result:

┌─bitTestAny(43, 0, 2)─┐
│ 1                    │
└──────────────────────┘

Another example:

Query:

SELECT bitTestAny(43, 4, 2);

Result:

┌─bitTestAny(43, 4, 2)─┐
│ 0                    │
└──────────────────────┘

bitmapAnd

Two bitmap and calculation, the result is a new bitmap.

Syntax

bitmapAnd(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The Bitmap object

Example

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapAnd(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5]))) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ [3] │
└─────┘

bitmapAndCardinality

Two bitmap and calculation, return cardinality of type UInt64.

Syntax

bitmapAndCardinality(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The cardinality in type UInt64.

Type:Uint64

Example

SELECT bitmapAndCardinality(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 1   │
└─────┘

bitmapAndnot

Two bitmap andnot calculation, the result is a new bitmap.

Syntax

bitmapAndnot(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The Bitmap object

Type: Bitmap object.

Example

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapAndnot(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5]))) AS res;

Result:

┌─res────┐
│ [1, 2] │
└────────┘

bitmapAndnotCardinality

Two bitmap andnot calculation, return cardinality of type UInt64.

Syntax

bitmapAndnotCardinality(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The cardinality in UInt64.

Type: UInt64

Example

SELECT bitmapAndnotCardinality(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 2   │
└─────┘

bitmapBuild

Build a bitmap from unsigned integer array.

Syntax

bitmapBuild(array)

Arguments

  • array – Unsigned integer array.

Returned value

  • The bitmap object

Type: Bitmap object.

Example

SELECT toTypeName(bitmapBuild([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]));

Result:

┌─toTypeName(bitmapBuild([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]))─┐
│ AggregateFunction(groupBitmap, UInt8)    │
└──────────────────────────────────────────┘

bitmapCardinality

Return bitmap cardinality of type UInt64.

Syntax

bitmapCardinality(bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The bitmap cardinality in type UInt64.

Type: UInt64 .

Example

SELECT bitmapCardinality(bitmapBuild([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 5   │
└─────┘

bitmapContains

Checks whether the bitmap contains an element.

Syntax

bitmapContains(haystack, needle)

Arguments

  • haystack – [Bitmap object], where the function searches.
  • needle – Value that the function searches. Type: [UInt32] .

Returned values

  • 0 — If haystack does not contain needle .
  • 1 — If haystack contains needle .

Type: UInt8 .

Example

SELECT bitmapContains(bitmapBuild([1,5,7,9]), toUInt32(9)) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 1   │
└─────┘

bitmapHasAll

Analogous to hasAll(array, array) returns 1 if the first bitmap contains all the elements of the second one, 0 otherwise.

If the second argument is an empty bitmap then returns 1.

Syntax

bitmapHasAll(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • 1 , returns 1 if the first bitmap contains all the elements of the second one or If the second argument is an empty bitmap .
  • 0 , otherwise.

Type: UInt8

Example

SELECT bitmapHasAll(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 0   │
└─────┘

bitmapHasAny

Checks whether two bitmaps have intersection by some elements.

Syntax

bitmapHasAny(bitmap1, bitmap2)

If you are sure that bitmap2 contains strictly one element, consider using the [bitmapContains] function. It works more efficiently.

Arguments

  • bitmap* – Bitmap object.

Return values

  • 1 , if bitmap1 and bitmap2 have one similar element at least.
  • 0 , otherwise.

Example

SELECT bitmapHasAny(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 1   │
└─────┘

bitmapMax

Return the greatest value of type UInt64 in the set, 0 if the set is empty.

Syntax

bitmapMax(bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Return values

  • Return the greatest value of type UInt64 in the set.

Type: UInt64

Example

SELECT bitmapMax(bitmapBuild([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 5   │
└─────┘

bitmapMin

Return the smallest value of type UInt64 in the set, UINT32_MAX if the set is empty.

Syntax

bitmapMin(bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Return values

  • Return the smallest value of type UInt64 in the set.

Type: UInt64

Example

SELECT bitmapMin(bitmapBuild([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 1   │
└─────┘

bitmapOr

Two bitmap or calculation, the result is a new bitmap.

bitmapOr(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The Bitmap object

Type: Bitmap object.

Example

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapOr(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5]))) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─────────────┐
│ [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] │
└─────────────────┘

bitmapOrCardinality

Two bitmap or calculation, return cardinality of type UInt64.

Syntax

bitmapOrCardinality(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Return values

  • Return or calculation result in cardinality.

Type:UInt64

Example

SELECT bitmapOrCardinality(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 5   │
└─────┘

bitmapSubsetInRange

Return subset in specified range (not include the range_end).

Syntax

bitmapSubsetInRange(bitmap, range_start, range_end)

Arguments

  • bitmap – [Bitmap object].

  • range_start – Range start point. Type: [UInt32].

  • range_end – Range end point (excluded). Type: [UInt32].

Return values

  • Return or calculation result.

Type:array

Example

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapSubsetInRange(bitmapBuild([0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,100,200,500]), toUInt32(30), toUInt32(200))) AS res;

Result:

┌─res───────────────────┐
│ [30, 31, 32, 33, 100] │
└───────────────────────┘

bitmapSubsetLimit

Creates a subset of bitmap with n elements taken between range_start and cardinality_limit .

Syntax

bitmapSubsetLimit(bitmap, range_start, cardinality_limit)

Arguments

  • bitmap – [Bitmap object].

  • range_start – The subset starting point. Type: [UInt32].

  • cardinality_limit – The subset cardinality upper limit. Type: [UInt32].

Returned value

  • The subset.

Type: Bitmap object .

Example

Query:

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapSubsetLimit(bitmapBuild([0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,100,200,500]), toUInt32(30), toUInt32(200))) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─────────────────────────────┐
│ [30, 31, 32, 33, 100, 200, 500] │
└─────────────────────────────────┘

bitmapToArray

Convert bitmap to integer array.

Syntax

bitmapToArray(bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • An array.

Type: array .

Example

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapBuild([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─────────────┐
│ [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] │
└─────────────────┘

bitmapXor

Two bitmap xor calculation, the result is a new bitmap.

bitmapXor(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

Returned value

  • The Bitmap object

Type: Bitmap object.

Example

SELECT bitmapToArray(bitmapXor(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5]))) AS res;

Result:

┌─res──────────┐
│ [1, 2, 4, 5] │
└──────────────┘

bitmapXorCardinality

Two bitmap xor calculation, return cardinality of type UInt64.

Syntax

bitmapXorCardinality(bitmap,bitmap)

Arguments

  • bitmap – Bitmap object.

  • Returned value

  • The Bitmap object

Type: Bitmap object.

Example

SELECT bitmapXorCardinality(bitmapBuild([1,2,3]),bitmapBuild([3,4,5])) AS res;

Result:

┌─res─┐
│ 4   │
└─────┘

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